USIP's Media, Conflict & Peacebuilding Roundup


United States Institute of Peace


Center of Innovation: Media, Conflict and Peacebuilding

Weekly News Roundup, August 29 - September 4, 2013

Media and Journalism

Internet and Social Media

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Media and Journalism

Muslim Brotherhood Newspaper Soldiers on Despite Egypt Crackdown
Whenever Muslim Brotherhood journalist Islam Tawfiq files a story about the group's struggle for survival for its newspaper Freedom and Justice, he fears his Internet address will tip off state security agents to his whereabouts. Thousands of Brotherhood members have been arrested in a widening crackdown on the group since the army deposed Islamist President Mohamed Mursi on July 3.
See the full article (Reuters, Maggie Fick, 9/4/13)
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My Business: Running a Newspaper in Burma
What makes an entrepreneur? The BBC's Ko Ko Aung spoke to Thaung Su Nyein about his experience running a media business in an environment where access to information has historically been restricted. The company's flagship printed news publication, 7Day Weekly, has one of the highest circulations of news journals in the country.
See the full article (BBC, 9/3/13)
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Egypt Shuts Down Four TV Stations
An Egyptian court has ordered the closure of four television channels that have been accused of sympathising with the Muslim Brotherhood. They include the Brotherhood's own station, Ahrar 25, and the Egyptian arm of Al-Jazeera. Meanwhile, the Egyptian army has launched helicopter strikes against suspected militant targets in the Sinai peninsula, killing a number of people.
See the full article (BBC, 9/3/13)
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Pakistani Journalist's Body Found after Seven Months
The mutilated body of Pakistani journalist Abdul Razzak Baloch was found on 21 August, seven months after he went missing. Baloch was a copy editor with the newspaper Daily Tawaar, based in Quetta, the capital city of Balochistan.
See the full article (Guardian, Roy Greenslade, 9/2/13)
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Media's Failures During Iraq War Cast Shadow Over Syria Coverage
Before the Iraq War, national security reporters promoted the U.S. government’s case for military invention by amplifying pieces of intelligence selectively passed along by anonymous officials. On the 10-year anniversary of the invasion in March, some journalists suggested to The Huffington Post that despite all the mea culpas and navel-gazing in the decade since, the media could fail in the same way again.
See the full article (Huffington Post, Michael Calderone, 8/29/13)
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A Guide to Syria's Best Citizen Journalism
Well before the United States weighed an intervention, Syria had become the most dangerous country in the world for journalists. Helping to fill the journalistic void are not only intrepid freelance stringers, who reliably show up at any conflict, but also countless citizen journalists.
See the full article (New Republic, Nora Caplan-Bricker, 8/29/13)
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Pakistan - TV Network Prosecuted Under Anti-terrorism Law
Private television network ARY News is facing a formal charge of violating the Anti-Terrorism Act by broadcasting images of insurgents in Balochistan province attacking the last residence of Pakistan's founder, Muhammed Ali Jinnah. Since April, charges have been filed at least 12 times against news organizations in similar circumstances.
See the full article (Reuters, 8/29/13)
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Internet and Social Media

Terrorists, Jihadists Get New Mobile Phone Encryption Software
New mobile encryption software meant to give jihadists an edge over Western intelligence agencies has been released by an Islamist group that produces propaganda for terrorist groups like al Qaeda, Pakistan’s Taliban and Somalia’s al-Shabaab.
See the full article (NBC, Gil Aegerter, 9/4/13)
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Brazil Angered Over Report N.S.A. Spied on President
Brazil’s government summoned the United States ambassador on Monday to respond to new revelations of American surveillance of President Dilma Rousseff and her top aides, complicating relations between the countries ahead of Ms. Rousseff’s state visit to Washington next month.
See the full article (New York Times, Simon Romero and Randal C. Archibold, 9/2/13) *NYT sign-up may be required to view the full article
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Report: NSA Spied on Al Jazeera
In the latest bit of information to come from documents leaked by former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden, Germany’s Der Spiegel reports that the NSA spied on Al Jazeera. The NSA hacked into the Qatar-based channel’s “internal communications system.”
See the full article (Slate, Daniel Politi, 8/31/13)
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Add Digital Diplomacy to the Long List of Failures Over Syria
Digital diplomacy has been enjoying something of a Golden Age recently, with any (Western) diplomat or minister of any note offering digital pronouncements, policy engagement and two-way conversations as a mechanic for gathering support and understanding around often complex areas of foreign affairs. And then Syria happened. And digital diplomacy never looked so small.
See the full article (Huffington Post, Jimmy Leach, 8/30/13)
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Attack on Google's Palestine Site Shows Risks of Foreign Domains
As this week's hacking attacks against Google, Twitter and the New York Times demonstrate, the dispersed nature of the Internet -- a core trait that makes the Web so powerful -- also leaves it vulnerable to being hijacked. All three incidents showed the fragility of the Domain Name System that computers rely on to find each other on the Internet.
See the full article (Bloomberg, Jordan Robertson, 8/30/13)
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